The bipartisan Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183/HR 4980), signed into law by President Obama on September 29, 2014, takes important steps forward in ensuring the well-being of children and youth in the child welfare system. In addition to taking important steps in preventing youth in care from becoming victims of sex trafficking, the law also addresses barriers expressed by former and current foster youth from having “normal” childhood and adolescent experiences, and works to establish permanency for youth in care. This page serves as a resource hub on implementation efforts and provides background materials on specific provisions of the law.


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration of Children and Families – Guidance and Information Memorandums

Information Memorandum October 23, 2014

Program Instruction November 21, 2014

Guidance to States and Services on Addressing Human Trafficking of Children and Youth in the United States September 13, 2013

Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States 2013-2017

Guidance to States and Services on Addressing Human Trafficking of Children and Youth in the United States

Information Memorandum- Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act

Program Instruction Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act


About the Strengthening Families Act

Summary of the Law, October 2014

CRS- Child Welfare and Child Support: The Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

CRS, Child Welfare and Child Support in SFA.

Implementing the SFA to Benefit Children and Youth

National Conference of State Legislators SFA Summary

Oklahoma SFA Bill HB1078

Oklahoma SFA Bill Summary HB 1078

SFA Implementation Chart

SPARC Created Resources

PPT H.R. 4980

SFA Checklist for States


Prudent Parent Infographic --Red Banner w_o Logo[2]



Case Planning and Youth Engagement

Case Planning Review

Core Values and Guiding Principles-National Summit on Authentic Youth Engagement

Authentic Youth Engagement

Childhood Only Happens Once Bill of Rights

Case Planning Review

Issue Brief – Authentic Youth Engagement

Final Letting Kids be Kids Fact Sheet

What Young People Need to Thrive: Leveraging the Strengthening Families Act to Promote Normalcy


SPARC Created Resource

Normalcy Bench Guide


Reasonable and Prudent Parent Standard

FL David Wilkins Testimony- Letting Kids be Kids

Links to Iowa’s Case Planning Materials

Normalcy Babysitting Memo

Normalcy Preamble

Promoting Normalcy, Juvenile Law Center Brief

Read about the SFA Convening

Read about the SFA Convening

Prudent Parent Laws NV

Resources for Implementing PL 113-183 

CSSP: A Guide for States Implementing the SFA 

TX – Normalcy Bill Language Updated

TX Memo Normalizing Activities for Youth in FC



The Annie E. Casey Foundation Funding Permanency Services

An Integrated Approach to Youth Permanency

Enhancing Permanency for Youth in Out-of-Home Care

Family Finding Voices From the Field, Child Trends Policy Brief

Financing Policies And Practices

Moving Children Out of Care

New Hampshire MC-APPLA Protocols

Tennessee APPLA Protocol

The Multi-Site Accelerated Permanency Project Technical Report



Child Sex Trafficking in America- A Guide for Child Welfare

Congressional Research Service- Sex Trafficking of Children in the  United States Overview and Issues for Congress

CT Practice Guide Final 2014

Ending the Commercial Exploitation of Children – A Call for Multi-System Collaboration in CA

Minnesota Safe Harbor Report      

NC Project NoRest

Safe Harbor Laws, Model Public Policy- ABA

Child Welfare and Human Trafficking (Children’s Bureau Policy Brief)


SPARC Created Resource

Addressing Child Sex Trafficking from a Child Welfare Perspective